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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 10 for the State of IL

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C36N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C35N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC410N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC46N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF46N
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF46N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB46N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB45N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C44N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C46N
BRNABrassicaceaeBrassica rapa and napuscanolaC58N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF510Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC68Y
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF610Y
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF710Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF710Y
CYLAAsclepiadaceaeCynanchum laeveBlue / honey / sand vineF78Y
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: April 8, 2014