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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of SC

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC112N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
STELLCaryolphyllaceaeStellariaChickweed, stitchwortF112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB16N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C28N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC39N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
VERBEVerbenaceaeVerbenaVervainF310N
ILGLAquifoliaceaeIlex glabraGallberry, inkberry, winterberry, appalachian teaS36N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB36Y
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB35N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF49N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
CYRACyrillaceaeCyrilla racemifloraTiti, leatherwood, ironwoodS47N
GAYLUEricaceaeGaylussaciaHuckleberryS46N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
AESCUHippocastanaceaeAesculusBuckeyes and horse chestnutsTDB45N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB46N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46Y
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV48N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF511N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF511N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB57Y
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56N
SABALArecaceaeSabalPalmetto, cabbage palmTEB57N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC69N
PHLU2FabaceaePhaseolus limensisLima beanC67N
VIUNFabaceaeVigna unguiculataCowpea, black-eyed peaC69N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF68N
CASSIFabaceaeCassiaPartridge-pea, sennaF610N
CYLAAsclepiadaceaeCynanchum laeveBlue / honey / sand vineF69N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF611N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF611N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
CLAL3ClethraceaeClethra alnifoliaClethra, sweet pepperbush,S69N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF125N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: April 8, 2014