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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 1 for the State of AK

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46Y
LYAM3AracaeaLysichiton americanusSkunk cabbage / yellowF55N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF59N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB56N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB56N
CHANA2OnagraceaeEpilobium angustifoliumFireweed, willow herb, wickupF68Y
GERANGeraniaceaeGeraniumWild geraniumF67N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF69Y
LEGLEricaceaeLedum groenlandicumLabrador teaS67N
ROSA5RosaceaeRosaRose (uncultivated)S67N
ELANElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian olive, silverberrySDB66N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F78Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF78N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF78N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF78N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016