The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is the ratio of the difference between visible (red) and infra-red (IR) wavebands to the sum of these bands.
NDVI = nir - red / nir + red
NDVI provides an indication of the amount and vigor of vegetated surfaces.
NDVI has been widely used with multiple generations of satellite data.
The Enhnaced Vegetation Index (EVI) is a more complicated combination of wavebands compared to the more widely used index, NDVI. The advantage of this newer index is improved sensitivity in high biomass regions and reduction in atmospheric influences.
pNIR = NIR reflectance
pRed = red reflectance
pBlue = blue reflectance
C1 = atmosphere resistance red correction coefficient
C2 = atmosphere resistance blue correction coefficient
L = canopy background brightness
G = gain factor