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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 2 for the State of CO

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ERODIGeraniaceaeErodiumFilaree, heron's bill, storkbill, pin-clover, alfileria, clocksF28N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB28N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
WYETHAsteraceaeWyethiaMule-earsF38N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB36N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB37N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB34N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C35N
BALSAAsteraceaeBalsamorhizaBalsamroot, sunflowerF47N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF49Y
TAMAR2TamaricaceaeTamarixTamarisk, salt cedar, athelS49N
FRAXIOleaceaeFraxinusAshTDB45N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C45N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C45N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510Y
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C56N
ASTRAFabaceaeAstragalusMilk-vetch, loco-weedF58N
ERIOGPolygonaceaeEriogonumWild buckwheat, umbrella plantF510N
EUESEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia esulaLeafy spurge, wolf's milkF58N
LUPINFabaceaeLupinusLupineF58N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
ONOBRFabaceaeOnobrychisSainfoin, esparcet, holy cloverF58N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF58N
ELANElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian olive, silverberrySDB57N
RIBESSaxifragaceaeRibesCurrantSDB57N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
ARNE4ConvolvulaceaeConvolvulusBindweedV, F58N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF610N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF69N
CLSECapparaceaeCleome serrulataRocky mountain bee plant,F68N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF69N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC78N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF710N
GRINDAsteraceaeGrindeliaResinweed, rosinweed, rarweedd, gumweed, gum plant, sticky-headsF79N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF79N
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710N
CHRYS9AsteraceaeChrysothamnusRabbitbrushS710N
SALSOChenopodiaceaeSalsolaRussian thistle, saltwort,S79N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: April 8, 2014