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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 10 for the State of MI

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C36N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C35N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC410N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC46N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF46N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB46N
ACNE2AceraceaeAcer negundoBox elder, ash-leavedTDB45N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C44N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C46N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF58N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF58N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS56N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB56Y
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF610N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF610Y
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS68N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF710Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF710N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF79N
CIINAsteraceaeCichorium intybusChicory, succory, witloof, blue-sailorsF79N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF79Y
MENTHLamiaceaeMenthaMintF, C710N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: October 20, 2015