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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of AL

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
VERNOAsteraceaeVernonia Schreb.IronweedF010N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF210N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB26N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB25N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C25N
PINUSPinaceaePinusPineTEN24N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C35N
TRNI3FabaceaeTrifolium nigrescensBall cloverF35N
VERBEVerbenaceaeVerbenaVervainF310N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF310N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
CLMO2CyrillaceaeCliftonia monophyllaTiti, buckwheat, ironwoodTDB34N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB36N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C35N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB36N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC49N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC45N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF47Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRVEFabaceaeTrifolium vesiculosumArrowleaf, yuchee cloverF47Y
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS47N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46N
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S47N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF510N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF59N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C510N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58Y
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57N
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC610N
LESPEFabaceaeLespedezaLespedezaC610N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC69N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF611N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF610N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
RISCRubiaceaeRichardia scabraMexican clover, Florida pusleyF610N
VITEXVerbenaceaeVitexchastetreeF68N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB67N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016