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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of AL

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB16N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
CLMO2CyrillaceaeCliftonia monophyllaTiti, buckwheat, ironwoodTDB24N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C24N
PINUSPinaceaePinusPineTEN24N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC39N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
TRNI3FabaceaeTrifolium nigrescensBall cloverF35N
VERBEVerbenaceaeVerbenaVervainF310N
ILGLAquifoliaceaeIlex glabraGallberry, inkberry, winterberry, appalachian teaS36Y
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS36N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB36Y
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C35N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC45N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF410N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRVEFabaceaeTrifolium vesiculosumArrowleaf, yuchee cloverF47Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S47N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF511N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF511N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
SERE2ArecaceaeSerenoa repensSaw / scrub palmettoS57N
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56N
SABALArecaceaeSabalPalmetto, cabbage palmTEB57N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC69N
LESPEFabaceaeLespedezaLespedezaC610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF611N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF611N
RISCRubiaceaeRichardia scabraMexican clover, Florida pusleyF610N
VERNOAsteraceaeVernonia Schreb.IronweedF610N
VITEXVerbenaceaeVitexchastetreeF67N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C610N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB67N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016