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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of AR

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF210N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF49Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB45N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF56N
CIINAsteraceaeCichorium intybusChicory, succory, witloof, blue-sailorsF510N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF510N
TRCAMFabaceaeTrifolium campestre or agrariumLow hop clover, yellow cloverF59N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB56N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC69N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF610N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: February 1, 2024