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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of AR

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
LAMIULamiaceaeLamiumDead nettle, henbit, dumb nettleF210N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB35N
BESCRhamnaceaeBerchemia scandensRattan vine, supplejackV, F36N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
TRRE4FabaceaeTrifolium resupinatumPersian, reversed cloverF49Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49Y
AMPEL3VitaceaeAmpelopsisPepper vine, snowvineV48Y
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511Y
CYDAPoaceaeCynodon dactylonBermuda grass, scutch-grassG511N
PAQU2VitaceaeParthenocissus quinquefoliaVirginia creeper, woodbine, American ivy, five-leaved ivyVDB58N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC69Y
CYLAAsclepiadaceaeCynanchum laeveBlue / honey / sand vineF69N
CAHA13SapindaceaeCardiospermum halicacabumBalloon vine, heart pea, winter cherryF, V68Y
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710Y
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF710N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016