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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 5 for the State of AZ

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ERIOGPolygonaceaeEriogonumWild buckwheat, umbrella plantF310N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB36N
ASTRAFabaceaeAstragalusMilk-vetch, loco-weedF49N
ARCTO3EricaceaeArctostaphylosManzanita, bearberryS46N
TAMAR2TamaricaceaeTamarixTamarisk, salt cedar, athelS49Y
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
ERODIGeraniaceaeErodiumFilaree, heron's bill, storkbill, pin-clover, alfileria, clocksF58N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F59Y
CEANORhamnaceaeCeanothusNewJersey tea, redroot, wild-lilac, buck-brushS510N
CLSECapparaceaeCleome serrulataRocky mountain bee plant,F69N
SALSOChenopodiaceaeSalsolaRussian thistle, saltwort,S610N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF79Y
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF710N
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF710N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016