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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 2 for the Province of BC

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB28N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
ARMEEricaceaeArbutus menziesiiArbutus, maddrona, madrone, madronoTEB35N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF49Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF49N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47Y
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB46N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB45N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510Y
RARA2BrassicaceaeRaphanus raphanistrumWild radish, jointed charlockF57N
SYMPHSymphoricarposSymphoricarposSnowberry, wolfberry, waxberry,F58Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF58N
AMELARosaceaeAmelanchierService-berry, juneberry, shadbushS56N
VAMAEricaceaeVaccinium macrocarponCranberryS, C56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF610Y
CHANA2OnagraceaeEpilobium angustifoliumFireweed, willow herb, wickupF68Y
GASHEricaceaeGaultheria shallonSalal, shallonS67N
ANMAAsteraceaeAnaphalis margaritaceaPearly-everlastingF79N
POCU6PolygonaceaePolygonum cuspidatumJapanese knotweed, Mexican bambooF89N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021