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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 13 for the State of CT

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
SYFOAraceaeSymplocarpus foetidusSkunk cabbage, polecat weedF34N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB35N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C46N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF49N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB45N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC56N
RUAC3PolygonaceaeRumex acetosellaSheep, red and common sorrelF58N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF59Y
ELUMElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus umbellataAutumn oliveS56N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C57N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB56N
COAL2CornaceaeCornus alternifoliaPagoda, green osierTDB56N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB57Y
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB56N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB56N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV56N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF68N
CESCCelastraceaeCelastrus scandensBittersweet, waxwortF67N
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF69N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F69N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS68Y
VITISVitaceaeVitisGrapeVDB66N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF79N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710Y
CLAL3ClethraceaeClethra alnifoliaClethra, sweet pepperbush,S79Y
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016