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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of GA

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC112N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C28N
CLMO2CyrillaceaeCliftonia monophyllaTiti, buckwheat, ironwoodTDB24Y
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
ILGLAquifoliaceaeIlex glabraGallberry, inkberry, winterberry, appalachian teaS36Y
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB36N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB35N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
PHNO2VerbenaceaePhyla nodifloraCarpet grass, matgrass, fogfruit, capeweed, turkey tangleF510N
CYDAPoaceaeCynodon dactylonBermuda grass, scutch-grassG511N
OPUNTCactaceaeOpuntiaPrickley pearS56N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB57Y
SABALArecaceaeSabalPalmetto, cabbage palmTEB57Y
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF610N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021