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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of LA

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
STELLCaryolphyllaceaeStellariaChickweed, stitchwortF112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
SENECAsteraceaeSenecioGroundsel, butterweed, golden ragwortF25N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS26N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C24N
CITRU2RutaceaeCitrusCitrusTEB, C25N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
VERBEVerbenaceaeVerbenaVervainF310Y
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS36Y
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
COFL2CornaceaeCornus floridaFlower dogwoodTDB34N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
FRAXIOleaceaeFraxinusAshTDB35N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB36N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
BESCRhamnaceaeBerchemia scandensRattan vine, supplejackV, F36Y
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
COLA5AsteraceaeCoreopsis lanceolataTickseed coreopsisF46N
GAPUAsteraceaeGaillardia pulchellaMarigold, indian blanketF410N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410N
RUDBEAsteraceaeRudbeckiaCone flowerF49N
SOHAPoaceaeSorghum halepenseJohnson-grass, aleppo grass, means-grass, Egyptian milletF411N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRRE4FabaceaeTrifolium resupinatumPersian, reversed cloverF49Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49Y
CYRACyrillaceaeCyrilla racemifloraTiti, leatherwood, ironwoodS47N
GAYLUEricaceaeGaylussaciaHuckleberryS46N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
RHAMNRhamnaceaeRhamnusBuckthornS46N
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S47N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46Y
AMPEL3VitaceaeAmpelopsisPepper vine, snowvineV48N
ARNE4ConvolvulaceaeConvolvulusBindweedV, F49N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF511Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF511N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
CYDAPoaceaeCynodon dactylonBermuda grass, scutch-grassG511N
CAAM2VerbenaceaeCallicarpa americanaAmerican feautyberry, French mulberry, beautyberryS56N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56N
SABALArecaceaeSabalPalmetto, cabbage palmTEB57N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC69N
VIUNFabaceaeVigna unguiculataCowpea, black-eyed peaC69N
CASSIFabaceaeCassiaPartridge-pea, sennaF610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF611N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF611N
MENTHLamiaceaeMenthaMintF, C69N
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS69N
ARSP2AraliacaeaAralia spinosaDevil's walking stick, hercules club, prickly ash, angelica treeSDB68N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB67N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
CLVI5RanunculaceaeRanunculaceae (Crowfoot or Buttercup FamClematis virginianaF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y
MISCAsteraceaeMikania scandensSnowvine, climbing hempweed, duckblindF,V710N
VERBE2AsteraceaeVerbesinaCrown-beardF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016