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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 13 for the State of ME

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF49N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB45N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF56N
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF56N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF59Y
AMELARosaceaeAmelanchierService-berry, juneberry, shadbushS56N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS56N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C57N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57Y
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB56N
FAGUSFagaceaeFagusBeechTDB56N
MABARosaceaeMalus baccataSiberian almond, crabappleTDB56N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB56N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC68N
APOCYApocynaceaeApocynumdogbaneF67N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF68N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F69N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF68N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS68N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB67N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF79N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF79N
IMPABalsaminaceaeImpatiens pallidaJewelweed, snapweed,F79N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C79Y
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS78N
CLAL3ClethraceaeClethra alnifoliaClethra, sweet pepperbush,S79N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016