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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 9 for the State of MI

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF410N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C45N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF57N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB56N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC68N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC69Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF69N
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF69N
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF69Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F69Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF610Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF68N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS68N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF79N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF79Y
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB77Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021