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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 10 for the State of MN

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF46N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57Y
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF68N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C69N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016