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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of MS

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB16N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS26N
CLMO2CyrillaceaeCliftonia monophyllaTiti, buckwheat, ironwoodTDB24Y
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C24N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
VERBEVerbenaceaeVerbenaVervainF310N
ILGLAquifoliaceaeIlex glabraGallberry, inkberry, winterberry, appalachian teaS36Y
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS36N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
FRAXIOleaceaeFraxinusAshTDB35N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB36N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
BESCRhamnaceaeBerchemia scandensRattan vine, supplejackV, F36Y
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRRE4FabaceaeTrifolium resupinatumPersian, reversed cloverF49N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
CYRACyrillaceaeCyrilla racemifloraTiti, leatherwood, ironwoodS47Y
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46N
AMPEL3VitaceaeAmpelopsisPepper vine, snowvineV48N
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV48N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF511N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF510N
CYDAPoaceaeCynodon dactylonBermuda grass, scutch-grassG511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59Y
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56N
VITISVitaceaeVitisGrapeVDB57N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC69Y
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF611N
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS69N
CLAL3ClethraceaeClethra alnifoliaClethra, sweet pepperbush,S69N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710Y
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711N
MISCAsteraceaeMikania scandensSnowvine, climbing hempweed, duckblindF,V710N
BACCHAsteraceaeBaccharisMule fat, groundsel, sea myrtle, yerba dulce, coyote brushS1011N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016