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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 8 for the State of ND

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB36N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF410N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF48N
ACNE2AceraceaeAcer negundoBox elder, ash-leavedTDB46N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
EUESEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia esulaLeafy spurge, wolf's milkF59N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
CAAR18FabaceaeCaragana arborescensCaragana, siberian pea shrub, pea-treeS56N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB56N
GRINDAsteraceaeGrindeliaResinweed, rosinweed, rarweedd, gumweed, gum plant, sticky-headsF69N
BRNABrassicaceaeBrassica rapa and napuscanolaC78N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC78N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF710N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF810N
SALSOChenopodiaceaeSalsolaRussian thistle, saltwort,S810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021