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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 10 for the State of NE

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB25N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC46N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
ACNE2AceraceaeAcer negundoBox elder, ash-leavedTDB45N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB45N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (uncultivated)TDB45N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C46N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF58N
DALEAFabaceaeDaleaPrairie clover, summer farewellF58N
EUESEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia esulaLeafy spurge, wolf's milkF58N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF510Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF58Y
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
ELANElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian olive, silverberrySDB56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB56N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57Y
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC68N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF610N
NECA2LamiaceaeNepeta catariaCatnip, catmintF69N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF610N
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS68N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF710N
CIINAsteraceaeCichorium intybusChicory, succory, witloof, blue-sailorsF79N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF79N
GRINDAsteraceaeGrindeliaResinweed, rosinweed, rarweedd, gumweed, gum plant, sticky-headsF79N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79N
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF78N
PYCNALamiaceaePycnanthemumBasil, mountain mintF, C79N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016