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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 8 for the State of NE

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB25N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB36N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF410N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF48N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS46N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB46N
ACNE2AceraceaeAcer negundoBox elder, ash-leavedTDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC57N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC58N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
DALEAFabaceaeDaleaPrairie clover, summer farewellF59N
EUESEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia esulaLeafy spurge, wolf's milkF59N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF58Y
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF510N
ELANElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian olive, silverberrySDB56Y
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF69N
CLSECapparaceaeCleome serrulataRocky mountain bee plant,F69N
GRINDAsteraceaeGrindeliaResinweed, rosinweed, rarweedd, gumweed, gum plant, sticky-headsF69N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
NECA2LamiaceaeNepeta catariaCatnip, catmintF610N
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF68N
SYMPHSymphoricarposSymphoricarposSnowberry, wolfberry, waxberry,F68N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC78N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF710N
CIINAsteraceaeCichorium intybusChicory, succory, witloof, blue-sailorsF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF89N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF89Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016