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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of NJ

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC112N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16Y
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB15N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB16N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C28N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC39N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C34N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF46N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF410N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
GAYLUEricaceaeGaylussaciaHuckleberryS46N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46N
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV48N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF511Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C56N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF68N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF611N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C610N
CLAL3ClethraceaeClethra alnifoliaClethra, sweet pepperbush,S69Y
VAMAEricaceaeVaccinium macrocarponCranberryS, C67N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB67N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF125N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016