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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 6 for the State of NM

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
LEGOBrassicaceaeLesquerella gordoniiBladderpodF25N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB26N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C23N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C24N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS39N
TAMAR2TamaricaceaeTamarixTamarisk, salt cedar, athelS310Y
ARNE4ConvolvulaceaeConvolvulusBindweedV, F39N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC410Y
DESCUBrassicaceaeDescurainiaTansy mustardF48N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410Y
SENECAsteraceaeSenecioGroundsel, butterweed, golden ragwortF410N
ACGRFabaceaeAcacia greggiiCatclaw, devil's claw, Texas mimosaS49N
BACCHAsteraceaeBaccharisMule fat, groundsel, sea myrtle, yerba dulce, coyote brushS410N
FOPUPOleaceaeForestiera neomexicanaNew Mexico and desert oliveS45N
PRGLGFabaceaeProsopis glandulosaMesquiteS46Y
ELANElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian olive, silverberrySDB46N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46Y
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB45N
MABIBAsteraceaeMachaeranthera bigeloviiGreene purple asterF510Y
CIINAsteraceaeCichorium intybusChicory, succory, witloof, blue-sailorsF68N
PSSC6FabaceaeDalea scopariaIndigo bush, purple sageS69Y
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
ISTE2AsteraceaeHaplopappus tenuisectusBurroweed, goldenweedF810Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021