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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 10 for the State of OK

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
STELLCaryolphyllaceaeStellariaChickweed, stitchwortF112N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C36N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C35N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC46N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB46N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB45N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C46N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC59N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF58N
EUESEuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia esulaLeafy spurge, wolf's milkF58N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF59N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF510N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF58Y
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB56N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB56N
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S57N
VITISVitaceaeVitisGrapeVDB57N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC68N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC68N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF610N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF610N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF610Y
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C69N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS67N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF710Y
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79N
VEALAsteraceaeVerbesina alternifoliaWingstem, golden honey plant, yellow ironweedF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016