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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of OK

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
LAMIULamiaceaeLamiumDead nettle, henbit, dumb nettleF210N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF210N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB26N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB25N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C25N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC311N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF310Y
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB36N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB36N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC49N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410Y
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF47N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRVEFabaceaeTrifolium vesiculosumArrowleaf, yuchee cloverF47Y
TRVEFabaceaeTrifolium vesiculosumArrowleaf, yuchee cloverF47N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS46N
GAYLUEricaceaeGaylussaciaHuckleberryS46N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS47N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB46N
NYSSANyssaceaeNyssaTupelo, blackgum, ogeechee-limeTDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB45N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (uncultivated)TDB45N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB45N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46Y
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S47N
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV49N
BESCRhamnaceaeBerchemia scandensRattan vine, supplejackV, F46Y
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF59Y
EUMA8EuphorbiaceaeEuphorbia marginataSnow-on-the-mountain, ghostweedF510N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF510N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF59Y
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHAMNRhamnaceaeRhamnusBuckthornS56N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB56N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57N
VITISVitaceaeVitisGrapeVDB56N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC69N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC69N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF611Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF610N
CRTETEuphorbiaceaeCroton texensisTexas crotonF610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF610N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
CYDAPoaceaeCynodon dactylonBermuda grass, scutch-grassG611N
CEOC2RubiaceaeCephalanthus occidentalisButtonbrushS68N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
ERLE11ApiaceaeEryngium leavenworthiiLeavenworth's eryngoF710N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF710Y
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF78N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711N
ULSEUlmaceaeUlmus serotinaRed elm, September elmTDB911N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016