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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 9 for the Province of ON

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF410N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB46N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB46N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB47N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC510N
BRNABrassicaceaeBrassica rapa and napuscanolaC56Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF510N
CRATARosaceaeCrataegusHawthornS56N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB57N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC69Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF69N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF69N
IMPABalsaminaceaeImpatiens pallidaJewelweed, snapweed,F69N
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF69Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F69N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF610Y
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF68N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF79N
CHANA2OnagraceaeEpilobium angustifoliumFireweed, willow herb, wickupF79N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF79N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016