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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 13 for the State of PE

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB35N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C46N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF49N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB45N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
LUPINFabaceaeLupinusLupineF57N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF59Y
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB56N
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S58N
CHANA2OnagraceaeEpilobium angustifoliumFireweed, willow herb, wickupF68N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF810Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016