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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of SC

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
STELLCaryolphyllaceaeStellariaChickweed, stitchwortF112N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF210N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB26N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB26N
ALNUSBetulaceaeAlnus Mill.AlderTDB25N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC311N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C35N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF310N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36Y
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB36N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB36Y
FRAGARosaceaeFragaria _ananassaStrawberryF45N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF49N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF47N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
SALVILamiaceaeSalviaSage, romonaF, C46N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
RIBESSaxifragaceaeRibesCurrantSDB46N
AESCUHippocastanaceaeAesculusBuckeyes and horse chestnutsTDB46N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB46N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB45N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB45N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46N
SAMBUCaprifoliaceaeSambucusElderberry, elderTDB, S47N
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV49N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC59N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF59N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF56N
HELENAsteraceaeHeleniumBitterweed, sneezeweedF510N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF59N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB56N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC69N
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC610N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC69N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF611Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF610N
CASSIFabaceaeCassiaPartridge-pea, sennaF610N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF610N
EUPEPAsteraceaeEupatoriumBoneset, joe-pye weedF610N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB67Y
VIUNFabaceaeVigna unguiculataCowpea, black-eyed peaC78N
AGASTLamiaceaeAgastacheAnise hyssop, blue hyssopF79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016