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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of TN

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF210N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB26N
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB26N
ULMUSUlmaceaeUlmusElmTDB24N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C25N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF310N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
FRAXIOleaceaeFraxinusAshTDB35N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB36N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C35N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB36N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC49N
PYRUSRosaceaePyrusPearC45N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410Y
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF47N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRRE4FabaceaeTrifolium resupinatumPersian, reversed cloverF48N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS47N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB46N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB45N
QUERCFagaceaeQuercusOakTDB45N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46Y
LONICCaprifoliceaeLonicerahoneysuckleV49N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
CUCURCucurbitaceaeCucurbita L.Pumpkin, squash, gourdC59N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF59N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58N
CATALBignoniaceaeCatalpaCatalpa, catawaba, indian beanTDB56N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB56N
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57Y
VITISVitaceaeVitisGrapeVDB56N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC69N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC69N
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF611Y
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF610N
CIRSIAsteraceaeCirsiumThistlesF610N
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
OPUNTCactaceaeOpuntiaPrickley pearS68N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB67N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710N
AMBROAsteraceaeAmbrosiaRagweedF710N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y
VERBE2AsteraceaeVerbesinaCrown-beardF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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