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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of TN

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF29N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB26N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C24N
TOXICAnacardiaceaeToxicodendronPoison ivy, oakS36N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C36N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
DIVI5EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmon, possumwood, date plumTDB36N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB36N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC49N
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410N
TRRE4FabaceaeTrifolium resupinatumPersian, reversed cloverF49N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
GLTRFabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoney and sweet locust, honeyshuckTDB46N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46N
BIDENAsteraceaeBidensSpanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseedF511N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS59N
CATALBignoniaceaeCatalpaCatalpa, catawaba, indian beanTDB56N
GLYCIFabaceaeGlycineSoybean, soja beanC710Y

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: February 1, 2024