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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 12 for the State of TX

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC112N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB16N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C28N
BESCRhamnaceaeBerchemia scandensRattan vine, supplejackV, F36Y
GAPUAsteraceaeGaillardia pulchellaMarigold, indian blanketF410N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F410Y
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF410Y
TRIN3FabaceaeTrifolium incarnatumCrimson / Italian cloverF46Y
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF410Y
TRVEFabaceaeTrifolium vesiculosumArrowleaf, yuchee cloverF47N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF49Y
ACGRFabaceaeAcacia greggiiCatclaw, devil's claw, Texas mimosaS47N
LIGUS2OleaceaeLigustrumPrivet, hedge plantS47N
PRGLGFabaceaeProsopis glandulosaMesquiteS46N
ILEXAquifoliaceaeIlexHolly, yauponTEB46Y
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC58N
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF510N
TRSE6EuphorbiaceaeTriadica sebiferaChinese tallow tree, vegetable tallowTDB56Y
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF710N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: September 20, 2021