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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 8 for the State of TX

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC57N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C58N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC58N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC59Y
GAPUAsteraceaeGaillardia pulchellaMarigold, indian blanketF56Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510N
MONARLamiaceaeMonardaHorsemint, wild bergamot, bee-balmF58Y
PRGLGFabaceaeProsopis glandulosaMesquiteS57Y
TAMAR2TamaricaceaeTamarixTamarisk, salt cedar, athelS59Y
GOSSYMalvaceaeGossypiumCottonC610Y
HELIA3AsteraceaeHelianthusSunflowerF610N
SOBIAPoaceaeSorghum bicolorSorghum, broom-cornF68N
GUTETAsteraceaeGutierrezia texanaBromweedF710N
GUSA2AsteraceaeGutierrezia sarothraeMatchweed, snakeweedF810N
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF89N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016