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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 2 for the State of UT

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB28N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF39N
BALSAAsteraceaeBalsamorhizaBalsamroot, sunflowerF47N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF49N
CEANORhamnaceaeCeanothusNewJersey tea, redroot, wild-lilac, buck-brushS48N
FRPU7RhamnaceaeRhamnus purshianaSagrada, bearberry, cascaraS46N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C47N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB46N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C45N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC510Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F510Y
SYMPHSymphoricarposSymphoricarposSnowberry, wolfberry, waxberry,F58N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF58N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
GRINDAsteraceaeGrindeliaResinweed, rosinweed, rarweedd, gumweed, gum plant, sticky-headsF79N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: February 1, 2024