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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 13 for the State of VT

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB35N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF49N
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB45N
SALIXSalicaceaeSalixWillow, osierTDB46N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC59N
BAVUBrassicaaceaeBarbarea vulgarisYellow rocket, winter cressF56N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF59N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF59N
RUBUSRosaceaeRubusBlackberryS, C57N
RUCO4RosaceaeRubusRaspberryS,C57N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB56N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB56N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB57N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C55N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC68Y
ASCLEAsclepiadaceaeAsclepiasMilkweed, butterfly flowerF68Y
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF69Y
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF69N
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F69N
VICIAFabaceaeViciaVetch, tareF68N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS68Y
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB67N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC79N
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF710Y
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF810N
POCU6PolygonaceaePolygonum cuspidatumJapanese knotweed, Mexican bambooF89N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016