Skip all navigation and jump to content Jump to site navigation Jump to section navigation.
nasa meatball GSFC
NASA Logo - Goddard Space Flight Center + Visit
HoneyBeeNet banner image


List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 4 for the State of WA

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

RETURN to map
USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
POPULSalicaceaePopulusCottonwood, poplar aspenTDB35N
PRAR3RosaceaePrunus armeniacaApricotTDB, C34N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C34N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (cultivated)TDB,C35N
PRUNURosaceaePrunusPlum (cultivated)C45N
BALSAAsteraceaeBalsamorhizaBalsamroot, sunflowerF47N
TAOFCAsteraceaeTaraxacumDandelion, blow-ballsF49N
TRRE3FabaceaeTrifolium repensWhite, dutch cloverF49N
MAHONBerberidaceaeMahoniaOregon grape, holly grapeSEB45N
PRAVRosaceaePrunusCherry (uncultivated)TDB46N
ALCELiliaceaeAllium cepaOnionC57N
RASA2BrassicaceaeRaphanus sativusRadishC57N
ERIOGPolygonaceaeEriogonumWild buckwheat, umbrella plantF58N
LOAN2FabaceaeLotus corniculatusBird's foot trefoilF59N
SYMPHSymphoricarposSymphoricarposSnowberry, wolfberry, waxberry,F58Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF58Y
TRPR2FabaceaeTrifolium pratenseRed cloverF58N
VACCIEricaceaeVacciniumBlueberry, huckleberrySDB57N
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB56Y
ARNE4ConvolvulaceaeConvolvulusBindweedV, F59N
CILALCucurbitaceaeCitrullus lanatuswatermelonC67N
CUMECucurbitaceaeCucumis meloCantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba,C69N
CUSA4CucurbitaceaeCucumis sativuscucumberC69N
DAUCUApiaceaeDaucus carotaC68N
MESAFabaceaeMedicago sativaAlfalfa, lucerneC69Y
MELILFabaceaeMelilotusSweet clover (white/yellow)F68Y
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF69N
TRHYFabaceaeTrifolium hybridumAlsike cloverF67N
MENTHLamiaceaeMenthaMintF, C69Y
PHLU2FabaceaePhaseolus limensisLima beanC78N
ZEMAM2PoaceaeZea maysCorn, maizeC78N
CENTAAsteraceaeCentaureaStar thistle, knapweedF710Y

RETURN to map

Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from content created by Ayers and Harman, and published as Chapter 11 "Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees" from the book The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
FirstGov logo + Privacy Policy and Important Notices NASA Curator: Jaime Nickeson
NASA Official: Robert Wolfe
Last Updated: September 20, 2021