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List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of WV

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month

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USDA codeFamilyLatin NameCommon NamePlant TypeBegin Bloom MonthEnd Bloom MonthSig
ACERAceraceaeAcermapleTDB26N
PRPE3RosaceaePrunus persicaPeachTDB, C25N
BRASS2BrassicaceaeBrassicamustardC311N
CERCI2FabaceaeCercisRedbud, judas treeTDB35N
MALUSRosaceaeMalusAppleTDB35N
LITUMagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTulip tree, poplar, whitewoodTDB46Y
ROPSFabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locust, false acacia, yellow locustTDB46Y
POLYG4PolygonaceaePolygonumSmartweed, knotweed, fleece flowerF511N
FAES2PolygonaceaeFagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat, brankF, C510N
RHUSAnacardiaceaeRhusSumac, sugar bush, lemonade berryS58Y
TILIATiliaceaeTiliaBasswood, lime tree, whitewoodTDB57Y
ASTERAsteraceaeAsterAsterF611N
ECVUBoraginaceaeEchium vulgareVipers bugloss, blueweed,F69N
LYSA2LythraceaeLythrum salicariaLoosestrife, purple loosestrifeF69N
OXAREricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwood, sorrel tree, titiTDB67Y
SOLIDAsteraceaeSolidagoGoldenrodF711Y
VEALAsteraceaeVerbesina alternifoliaWingstem, golden honey plant, yellow ironweedF810N

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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.

 
 

 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

 
This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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Last Updated: November 21, 2016