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New Haven, CT
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County:  New Haven State: CT
Active Since: 1980 Observer: Seeley
Lat/Long: 41.3, -72.9 Landsat WRS Path/Row: 13/31
MODIS TIle V/H: 4/12 MODIS Line, Samp: 1040.92, 627.37

Site/Hive Description:

The data are reported in Thomas D. Seeley, 1996, The Wisdom of the Hive: The Social Physiology of Honey Bee Colonies Harvard Univ. Press, 318 pp. as Figure 2-14. Data collected at Yale University Arboretum, a mixed woodland site in a residential urban setting as weekly gains and adjusted weight. We read the weekly gains from a digitized copy of the figure.

Nectar Flow Data 1981

Download Data File (comma delimited), download QA flag key


Nectar Flow Data 1982

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Nectar Flow Data 1983

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Nectar Flow Data 1984

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MODIS Subset Data (from the ORNL DAAC)
Red dots are the average of all pixels with acceptable quality (see landcover extract below for area covered).
Blue dots are the center pixel only (point is not plotted if the pixel is of unacceptable quality).



The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is the ratio of the  difference between visible (red) and infra-red (IR) wavebands to the sum of these bands. 

NDVI = nir - red / nir + red

 NDVI provides an indication of the amount and vigor of vegetated  surfaces. 

 NDVI has been widely used with multiple generations of satellite data.


 The Enhnaced Vegetation Index (EVI) is a more complicated combination of wavebands compared to the more widely used index, NDVI.  The advantage of this newer index is improved sensitivity in high biomass regions and reduction in atmospheric influences.
pNIR = NIR reflectance
pRed = red reflectance
pBlue = blue reflectance
C1 = atmosphere resistance red correction coefficient
C2 = atmosphere resistance blue correction coefficient
L = canopy background brightness
G = gain factor

The MODIS sensor on the Terra satellite platform provides us with 16-day composite measures of NDVI/EVI throughout the year.  NASA distributes MODIS data from many of their distributed data centers.

MODIS Land Cover

MODIS Data Subset Citation:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center (ORNL DAAC). 2007. MODIS subsetted land products, Collection 4. Available on-line [] from ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A..

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Last Updated: February 1, 2024